- When the skin heals, it loses collagen, resulting in depressed acne scars.
- Icepick scars are tiny, deep holes in the skin.
- Boxcar scars are larger oval or circular patches of depressed skin with definite borders that look like chicken pox scars.
- Rolling atrophic scars are large depressions in the skin that roll or undulate in a "M" pattern.
Don't Let Acne To Leave A Permanent Mark On Your Face Or Body Get An Effective Solution
Acne is a common and aggravating skin disease that can result in scars and black patches. While acne scars will never completely disappear, there are several techniques to lessen or decrease their appearance.
Most of these techniques take time to work, so if you need something quick, concealer is your best bet.
Here's a deeper look at the different types of acne scars, as well as the best treatments and what produces them in the first place.
Acne scars are usually the result of an inflammatory lesion like a papule, pustule, or cyst. Excess oil, dead skin cells, and germs clog the follicle, or pore, resulting in inflamed blemishes. The pore expands, creating a follicular wall breach.
The lesion is generally small and heals rapidly if the rupture occurs near the skin's surface. When the follicular wall is broken deeply, more severe lesions develop. Infected material leaks into the dermis, causing healthy skin tissue to be destroyed.
The skin creates new collagen fibers to heal the injury to the dermis. Collagen is a fibrous protein that provides strength and flexibility to the skin. Regrettably, the final "repair job" never appears as smooth.
Acne scars come in many forms-
Acne scars come in a variety of shapes and sizes. They can be classified into one of the following groups:
1. Depressed scars
2. Hypertrophic scars (raised scars)
When the skin recovers from acne, it might create an excessive amount of collagen. This results in the creation of raised scars. They're most commonly spotted on the back and chest.
3. Spots of darkness (post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation)
Dark patches, while not exactly scars, are a visual reminder of acne. Where acne has healed, the inflammatory process might cause hyperpigmentation, or darker colour.
Treatments for acne scars can also cause hyperpigmentation, which is more common in those with darker skin. People with lighter skin may feel post-inflammatory redness instead.
Prevention of acne scars-
Although scarring cannot be totally avoided, following techniques can help to reduce your chances of acquiring acne scars.
1. Deal with acne as soon as it appears- Getting acne under control as soon as possible is the finest thing you can do. Start treating it right away, and if your acne doesn't improve with over-the-counter acne remedies, contact your doctor straight away.
Quick treatment keeps breakouts at bay and prevents acne from progressing to a more serious stage. Scarring may be avoided by avoiding pimples.
2. Reduce inflammation- Large, inflammatory acne blemishes are far more likely than non- inflamed breakouts and blackheads to produce scars. Always try to reduce inflammation and avoid doing anything that can irritate your skin even more. Scrubbing too hard or using harsh skincare products should be avoided.
3. Pimples should not be squeezed, popped, or picked- Resist the urge to pluck or pinch a pimple. This can push debris further into the dermis, causing infection to spread to other tissues and exacerbating inflammation. This is especially true for blemishes that are deep and significant, such as nodules and cysts.
Remind yourself that popping pimples can prolong the healing process and increase the risk of a permanent scar. Allow time for the blemish to cure naturally.
How can acne scars be removed?
Depending on the sort of acne scars you have and how bad they are, there are many ways to get rid of them. Treatment should not begin until the acne has healed completely.
Treatments for the skin:
- Resurfacing procedures Acne scars that aren't too deep can benefit from laser treatment, dermabrasion, microdermabrasion, and chemical peels. They all entail removing layers of skin cells in order to stimulate the skin's production of new cells. If you have darker skin, you should avoid dermabrasion since it might cause scarring and discolouration. Some laser therapies may achieve the same thing, although Nd:YAG lasers are generally safer for darker skin.
- Fillers- Your dermatologist can use substances like hyaluronic acid, collagen, or your own fat to fill up shallower scars. Although some fillers are permanent, the results generally last a few months.
- If you have a lot of depressed acne scars, microneedling, also known as collagen induction treatment, is a wonderful alternative. It includes employing a spinning needles motorized microneedling pen. To encourage collagen formation, the pen is pushed into depressed acne scars.
- Deep icepick and boxcar scars can occasionally be efficiently treated with radiofrequency skin tightening. A doctor will utilize radio frequency to tighten skin and reduce the visibility of depressed acne scars.
- Subcision is inserting a sterile needle under your skin and disrupting fibrous scar tissue in order to "loosen" depressed scars.
Natural or at-home cures-
Before trying any new acne scar remedies, always see a physician. A doctor can tell you whether you have acne scars and not anything else. They can also suggest the best appropriate therapy.
By promoting skin cell turnover, several chemicals in over-the-counter chemical peels have been demonstrated to alleviate acne scars, hyperpigmentation, and redness.
Look for the following components in your products:
- Lactic acid, glycolic acid, and citric acid are alpha-hydroxy acids.
- salicylic acid
- azelaic acid
How long do acne scars take to fade away?
Acne scars do not completely disappear on their own. As the skin loses collagen, depressed acne scars become more apparent. Acne scars can, however, be less apparent with a range of therapies.
After several months, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation or redness may fade on its own. For other people, though, it may take years to go without therapy.
Excellence Esthetics is your reliable partner in the journey of skin care. From providing you the best acne treatment consultation in Gurgaon, to providing you with all the necessary information including the side effects of the treatments and procedures, our team of experienced and skilled dermatologists aim to serve you in the best possible manner.